Taichung, officially known as Taichung City, is a special municipality located in center-western Taiwan. Taichung has a population of approximately 2.79 million people and has been officially ranked as Taiwan's second most populous city since July 2017. It serves as the core of the Taichung–Changhua metropolitan area, which is the second largest metropolitan area of Taiwan.
Located in the Taichung Basin in central Taiwan, the name of the city was created under Japanese rule, and became a major economic and cultural hub. The city of Taichung was created in Japanese era, because in Qing Dynasty there were only several scattered hamlets and huge paddy fields in this desolate place.
It was called "the Kyoto of Formosa" in Japanese era, because of its calm and beauty. The city is home to the National Museum of Natural Science, the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, the National Taichung Theater, the National Library of Public Information, and the National Taiwan Symphony Orchestra, as well as many cultural sites, including the historic Taichung Park, the Lin Family Gardens, and many temples.